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Wildlife and Nature

Sri Lankan Explorer > Wildlife and Nature

Wildlife and Nature

Sri Lanka is a diversity rich country. Within a comparatively small area, Sri Lankan eco-systems have huge variations. From desert-like environments in the North part, Cold Mountains in the middle part of the country to the world’s most beautiful beaches in the southern part, Sri Lanka owns a limitless diversity of nature. Sri Lanka is ranked in the top five biodiversity hotspots in the world. Asian wild elephants, rare Sri Lankan black leopards and colorful peacocks add a huge tourist attraction to Sri Lanka’s travel destinations. Sri Lanka is the greatest place to enjoy and educate yourself about Asian wildlife and experience the diversity of nature.

Why Sri Lanka is so special?

Sri Lanka is a small island. This beautiful country only has a small area of 65,000 square kilometers. But, within this small area, Sri Lanka is rich and diverse with nature, culture, heritage, wildlife, and experiences.

Upcountry mountain rain forests of Sri Lanka

The mountain rain forests in the upper country have a very rich diversity. Pidurutalagala, Kikilimana, Meepilimana, Agrabopaththalawa, Sri Padha, and Hakgala rain forests are the biggest and most diverse rain forests in Sri Lanka. Each and every forest have unique wildlife and natural features.

Pidurutalagala is the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka. It is an ultra prominent peak. This forest has supreme biodiversity of flora and fauna.

Sri Padha (Adam’s peak) mountain rain forest is one of Sri Lanka’s most attractive tourist destinations. At the top of this mountain, the feet sign of Lord Buddha is situated. So, the Sri Padha is respected as a Buddhist temple and considered to be one of the Buddhists’ most respective place.

Horton Plains national park is a very popular tourist destination in the Nuwaraeliya district. It is an IUCN category two national park rich in biodiversity. Horton plains are home for many endemic animals and trees. This national park is a great place to enjoy the beauty of nature. The place is covered by montane grassland and cloud forest. The world’s end watchpoint is also a great tourist attraction in Horton plains.

Dry Zone Nature and Wildlife in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s dry zones environment is far different than the wet zones wildlife and nature. However, unlike other countries, Sri Lanka’s’ dry zone is rich in biodiversity and the diversity of the environment. Wilpattu, Wasgamuwa, Yala, Udawalawa are the world-famous and attractive dry zone national parks of Sri Lanka.


Wilpattu is the largest national park in Sri Lanka. This National park is among the top national parks in the world. It is world-famous for its great leopard population. The most unique feature of this park is its natural sand rim water basins or “the willus”. Wilpattu national park is home to many endemic species of animals flora and fauna. Wilpattu is a part of the northwest coast lowland dry zone of Sri Lanka. It is a very popular bird watchpoint. Wilpattu provides a home to many endemic bird verities like Sri Lankan junglefowl, blue tail bee-eater, and green bee-eater, etc. Also, we zone birds live in this dry zone national park. The rich biodiversity of this park provides a home to many species like Sri Lankan Elephant, leopard, Sri Lankan sloth bear, Sri Lankan axis deer and grat langur and crocodiles.



Yala is the second largest national park in Sri Lanka. This national park has a variety of ecosystems. Moist monsoon forests, dry monsoon forests, semi-deciduous forests, thorn forests, grasslands, marshes, marine wetlands, and sandy beaches are some ecosystems in this precious national park. Yala is a very tourist-friendly national park and it provides a variety of experiences. Safaries, jungle stays, elephant watching whatever experience you expect this national park is ready to serve you.

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